The old Silla kingdom had forged an alliance with T’ang China (618–907) and had conquered the kingdom of Paekche to the southeast in … Technical Support Service. Silla then fought for nearly a decade to expel Chinese forces on the peninsula intent on creating Tang colonies there to finally establish a unified kingdom as far north as modern Pyongyang. auuuuugh different story grrrr. They meet each other in a bridge in her dream, but suddenly Jigwi stopped appearing in her dreams. [7] After Queen Seondeok's death, her cousin was then named as the next female ruler of Silla, and became Queen Jindeok. The queen often visited the Hwangnyongsa temple to pray for the wisdom and strength to save Silla from danger. Legend has it that the state's founder was born in the same forest, hatched from the egg of a cockatrice (Kor. In northern Korea, Goguryeo, a kingdom by about 50 AD, destroyed the last Chinese commandery in 313 and had grown into a threatening regional power. Peonies, therefore, are equated with her wisdom and insight. Namsan. The "Hwabaek" (화백,和白) served as royal council with decision-making authorities on some vital issues like succession to the throne or declarations of war. As a beautiful seductress, she held sway over kings and the elite Hwarang corps. In the 7th century Silla allied itself with the Chinese Tang dynasty. How come chilsuk died in bidam’s hand… while in Queenseondeok chilsuk died in Yusin and bidam hand’s infront of queenseondeok? This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. Although it was not unusual for women to wield power in Silla (Queen Sado also served as a regent for King Jinpyeong), the thought of having a female ruler sitting on the throne was still unacceptable for most of them. The peony flower does not have any scent, which is why butterflies were not interested on it — implying the reason why she did not have a husband was probably because no man was interested on her (not being married was seen as something negative for one's character and status during those days). She built the "Star-Gazing Tower," or Cheomseongdae, considered the first dedicated observatory in the Far East, which helped farmers at that time. Alexander Vovin concluded that there is a Japonic substratum in the Sillan language and in its descended dialects such as modern Korean and Jeju language. Silla's middle period is characterized by the rising power of the monarchy at the expense of the jingol nobility. Hwarang were key in the fall of Goguryeo (which resulted in the unification of the Korean Peninsula under Unified Silla) and the Silla–Tang Wars, which expelled Tang forces in the other two Korean kingdoms. [36] The Samguk yusa and Samguk sagi record following 3 monks among the first to bring Buddhist teaching, or Dharma, to Korea: Malananta (late 4th century) - an Indian Buddhist monk who brought Buddhism to King Baekje of Baekje in the southern Korean peninsula in 384, Sundo - a Chinese Buddhist monk who brought Buddhism to Goguryeo in northern Korea in 372, and Ado - a Buddhist monk who brought Buddhism to Silla in central Korea. In Samguksagi, Queen Seondeok was described as "generous, benevolent, wise, and smart". But the queen still decided to continue with the plan with the firm belief that a work of religious devotion would bring her people together and show her people that Silla was still far from ruin. Most prominent of these was a revolt led by Gim Daegong that persisted for three years. As I watched this drama, by episode #7 I became aware that many of the court protocols are ignored. According to a famous anecdote about Bidam's rebellion, on the night of Bidam's rebellion, Queen Seondeok's health had deteriorated sharply due to illness, and a star fell near the Queen's residence. Silla was founded by King Park Hyeokgeose in 57 BC, around Gyeongju in the southeast part of the Korean peninsula. Facing pressure from Baekje in the west and Japan in the south,[27] in the later part of the 4th century, Silla allied with Goguryeo. However, it is widely believed that she did not let herself be wed in order to avoid political conflicts, hence the next female rulers after her (Queen Jindeok and Queen Jinseong) were not married either. Kim Yongchun - was a child of King Jinji and Princess Cheonmyeong's brother-in-law. The international influence of the Tang Dynasty on these figures and carvings can be witnessed in the hallmarks of a round full form, a stern expression of the face, and drapery that clings to the body, but stylistic elements of native Korean culture can still be identified.[40]. [37][38] However, according to legend, the Silla monarchy was convinced to adopt the faith by the martyrdom of the Silla court noble Ichadon, who was executed for his Buddhist faith by the Silla king in 527 only to have his blood flow the color of milk. But Princess Cheonmyeong and Princess Deokman opposed her and stopped … Everyone who heard of the queen's reasoning was amazed at her insight. This was a marked change from pre-unification days when the Silla monarchy stressed Buddhism, and the Silla monarch's role as a "Buddha-king". Silla (tahun 57 Sebelum Masehi - 935 Masehi), sering kali diucapkan Shilla, adalah salah satu dari Tiga Kerajaan Korea.Silla bermula dari kerajaan kecil di Konfederasi Samhan.Pada tahun 660 Masehi Silla bersekutu dengan Dinasti Tang berhasil menaklukkan kerajaan Baekje serta Goguryeo pada tahun 668. 김창호, 〈문무왕릉비에 보이는 신라인의 조상인식 - 태조성한의 첨보 -〉, 《한국사연구》, 한국사연구회, 1986년, 「제목=고구려와 흉노의 친연성에 관한 연구|저널=백산학보」『백산학보 제67호』, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFJanhunen2010 (, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFVovin2013 (. One day, he went to Seorabeol and saw the queen who was passing by while on a visit to the capital city. The kingdom first developed when Jinhan tribes in south-eastern Korea f… Chilsuk later realizes that Deokman is the twin and tries to capture her, but fails when a sandstorm strikes. The people who saw him could not help but sympathize over the young man's passionate and unrequited love. Saro-guk consisted of six villages and six clans. Deokman (Queen Seondeok’s childhood name) was born as Princess Cheonmyeong's twin and a member of the Silla royal family, but a prophecy leads to her abandonment as a baby. Queen Seondeok was buried in a tomb on Nangsan, one of the sacred mountains in Gyeongju. According to Samguk Sagi, in March, 636, the queen became ill and no amount of prayers and medicine worked. Her words were then proven to be correct when the flowers bloomed, wilted and died, without giving off any scent. This seems surprising (of Jinpyeong, not of Wikipedia). 3. "Northeast Asian Linguistic Ecology and the Advent of Rice Agriculture in Korea and Japan", "Cultural ties put Iran, S Korea closer than ever for cooperation", "1,500 Years of Contact between Korea and the Middle East", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Silla&oldid=998135417, States and territories established in the 1st century BC, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2015, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 00:14. The royal guards eventually morphed into "sworn banner" or Sodang units. These events made the people anxious, and some of them considered them as bad omens portending the Silla kingdom's downfall. During that same year, she sent a diplomat to pay tribute to the Emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, and inform him about Silla's new ruler. When the queen finally emerged, she noticed Jigwi who was sleeping behind the pagoda. Due to the frequency of conflicts between Baekje and Goguryeo as well as Yamato Japan, Silla created six local garrisons one for each district. SILLA abonnieren http://ytb.li/Silla ️ "DRIVE" SINGLE jetzt downloaden oder streamen !! In 668, under King Munmu of Silla (King Muyeol's successor) and General Gim Yu-sin, Silla conquered Goguryeo to its north. Then the nobles realized that one of the Buddha's sayings, "Dori-cheon is above the Sacheonwang-cheon", was accomplished by the queen. Through her determination, patience and kindness, she won the hearts of her people, protected her kingdom and, most importantly, paved the way for future queens to step up and rule. The final century and a half of the Silla state was one of nearly constant upheaval and civil war as the king was reduced to little more than a figurehead and powerful aristocratic families rose to actual dominance outside the capital and royal court. It was only during the Goryeo Dynasty during King HyeonJong's reign when trade with Persia was officially recorded in Korean history. She had two siblings, Princess Cheonmyeong and Princess Seonhwa (although Seonhwa's existence is controversial due to the discovery of evidence in 2009 that points to King Uija's mother as being Queen Sataek and not Seonhwa as indicated by historical records), it is uncertain whether she was the first born or Cheonmyeong, however, it is widely believed that Princess Cheonmyeong was older than her. Another version of that story tells that when Queen Seondeok was seven years old, her father King Jinpyeong received a box of peony seeds and a peony painting sent by Emperor Taizong of Tang. He served as an official during King Jinpyeong's reign and served as a Sangdaedeung for Queen Seondeok. A dark blue glass was found in the Cheonmachong Tomb, one of Silla's royal tombs unearthed in Gyeongju. Deokman tried to save her but it was too late and Chilsuk managed to catch her. Unfortunately, much of the history of her reign, which took place during Korea's Three Kingdoms period, has been lost to time. The historic area around Gyeongju was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000. Although she never lived to see the three kingdoms of Silla, Baekje and Goguryeo come together as one, Queen Seondeok still played a major role in the unification of Old Korea. After careful consideration, the queen decided to accept Jajang's proposal, seeing it as necessary to overcome the crisis that they were facing at that time. Hyeokgeose is said to have been hatched from an egg laid from a white horse, and when he turned 13, six clans submitted to him as king and established Saro-guk (also called Seona)[who?]. The Samguk Sagi and History of the Northern Dynasties state that the original Lelang Commandery which later became the Jinhan confederacy (辰韓) was the origin of Silla. The second set is much more cerebral requiring the Hwarangs to search for the three meanings of Silla. Jade Gate is an expression for a woman's chastity. For the TV series, see, Silla Korea and the Silk Road by Koreasociety. Since its emergence as a centralized polity Silla society had been characterized by its strict aristocratic makeup. Given our processing background since 2000, we have great confidence in the quality of the Sumei Plates against other Brands and can solve any challenges concerning their usage. Still feeling the need for a partner, Pam invited Fahed to join Silla as an advisor and they continued to develop the initial idea. 47 : Ttuk Says: February 9th, 2013 at 11:34 pm. [42] Former South Korean president Park Geun-hye said during a festival celebrating Iran and Korea's 1,500 years of shared cultural ties, "The Kushnameh, that tells of a Persian prince who went to Silla in the seventh century and got married with a Korean princess, thus forming a royal marriage.”[41], The last king of Silla, King Gyeongsun (r. 927–935). Subtitles. He is also the progenitor of the Bak (박) clan, now one of the most common family names in Korea. The queen explained, "A group of angry frogs signifies an army. First, he would attack the Liaodong and carry out a naval campaign on the west to occupy the Baekje. When asked where the Doricheon was, she replied that it was on the southern side of Mt. Deși a fost fondată de regele Park Hyeokgeose, dynastia a fost condusă de clanul Gyeongju Kim (김, 金) pentru cea mai mare parte din istoria sa de 992 de ani. A number of Silla's greatest generals and military leaders were Hwarang (equivalent to the Western knights or chevaliers). Csilla was a cold, ice-locked planet located in the Unknown Regions, at the coordinates F-8 on the Standard Galactic Grid. It was built during the reign of Queen Seondeok (632–647). In 625 another group of Sodang was created. She was the second female sovereign in recorded East Asian history and encouraged a renaissance in thought, literature, and the arts in Silla. One was when a recommendation on Silla saved Pam's life. The queen decided to form an alliance with the Tang dynasty. Therefore, Princess Deokman had to prove herself in order to gain the trust and support of her people. The battle to protect Silla begins, and Yushin's troops are badly beaten. Originally a social group, due to the continuous military rivalry between the Three Kingdoms of Korea, they eventually transformed from a group of elite male aristocratic youth into soldiers and military leaders. Eventually, she succeeded, and was named as King Jinpyeong's successor – a decision that was not accepted by everyone, and as a result; some officials planned an uprising in order to stop her from being crowned. Queen Seondeok ruled the Kingdom of Silla starting in 632, marking the first time a female monarch rose to power in Korean history — but certainly not the last. He was overwhelmed with joy and love for the queen, that his whole body turned into a fire. The tower still stands in the old Silla capital of Gyeongju, South Korea and is the oldest surviving observatory in East Asia. People/Characters: Ichan Chilsuk. Right after she was crowned, she appeased her people by letting them know of her policies as a new ruler. This article is about a female monarch of Silla. Centuries after Buddhism originated in India, the Mahayana Buddhism arrived in China through the Silk Route in 1st century CE via Tibet, then to Korea peninsula in 3rd century during the Three Kingdoms Period from where it transmitted to Japan. Featured in Sheri Holman's Sondok: Princess of the Moon and Stars, Korea, A.D. 595. She was Silla's twenty-seventh ruler, and its first reigning queen. This shows that the queen was well-versed in the philosophy of Yin and Yang, and interpreted all the icons correctly. Woman is one of the meanings of Yin, which also has the meaning of white, and the white color stands for the West. Jinpyeong of Silla was the 26th king of the Silla Dynasty, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. https://ibonapartist.blogspot.com/2011/02/queen-of-villains-lady-mishil.html [41] Samguk Sagi— the official chronicle of the Three Kingdoms era, compiled in 1145—contains further descriptions of commercial items sold by Middle Eastern merchants and widely used in Silla society. Park, Jin Y. article "Buddhism in Korea" in Keown and Prebish 2010 : 449. Monk Jajang returned to Silla in 643. The guards finally got tired of chasing Jigwi day by day and ended up beating him until he could no longer move. He stopped eating and sleeping and did nothing but call out the queen's name all day, he eventually lost his mind. They were led by Bidam, who asserted that: "The female king failed to rule the country, therefore women should stop ruling". Other items uncovered during the excavation[which?] Denna webbplats använder kakor för att fungera optimalt, analysera användarbeteende och för att visa reklam (om du inte är inloggad). 11. Nevertheless, the middle period of Silla witnessed the state at its zenith, the brief consolidation of royal power, and the attempt to institute a Chinese style bureaucratic system. Marina Raskova. Lady Mishil (actress Ko Hyeon-jeong) Archenemy of Queen Seon Deok. [39], Silla's strong Buddhist nature is also reflected by the thousands of remnant Buddhist stone figures and carvings, mostly importantly on Namsan. Decades after her death, the thirtieth king Munmu of Silla constructed Sacheonwang-sa (四天王寺 "Temple of the Four Heavenly Kings") in her tomb. It expanded its influence over neighboring Jinhan chiefdoms, but through the 3rd century was probably no more than the strongest city-state in a loose federation. It is said that, the temple Bunhwangsa (Fragrance of the Royal Temple) was built as a response to the mockery. The second is an account of her death. But before he could kill her, a massive sandstorm buried both alive. Silla built many temples, pagodas, and Buddha statues during her reign. Crown Prince Maui, Crown Prince of the 56 King Gyeongsun of Silla. im getting confused! Silla tombs consist of a stone chamber surrounded by a soil mound. In 642, Uija of Baekje personally led a campaign against Silla, and conquered 40 fortresses in the western part of Silla. She went to Silla where she accidentally meet her other twin, Cheonmyeong. Silla for Import and Export is an organization that places value on quality over pricing. When the queen asked one of her attendants about the commotion, her attendant told her that there was a man who tried to approach her and was apprehended by the royal guards. Later the tribes ruling family returned to Korea and married into the royal family of Silla. Upon the onset of a multitude of conflicts between Baekje and Goguryeo, he sent emissaries to improve relations and strengthen ties between Silla and the Chinese dynasties Sui and … He advised the queen and her counselors to build the great nine-story pagoda for the dual purpose of blocking foreign invasions and calming her people. Sohwa says it’s her father’s wish that she not return to Silla. Third, he would send a male royal of Tang descent to serve as a new king of Silla, as, according to him, Silla faced constant threat because their enemies did not fear them due to their having a female ruler. Chunchu is the final weapon; he's a character who appears to be clueless at first and causes trouble for Deokman, but he's actually quite prodigious. However, in Samguk Sagi, Naemul of Silla still appears as a title of Isageum (泥師今). Ronald Reagan. There was a man named, Jigwi, who lived near the border of Goguryeo. The influence of Iranian culture was profoundly felt in other ways as well, most notably in the fields of music, visual arts, and literature. She was later brought back to the Silla palace, where she joined forces with her twin sister to oppose Mishil, a royal concubine who wanted to seize power. 2. Their culture is comparable with Persia'. The queen started to wonder what happened to the man in her dreams and started to miss him and so she went to the bridge where they used to meet in her dreams. By the late 8th century, however, these royal initiatives had failed to check the power of the entrenched aristocracy. Princess Deokman / Queen Seondeok (actress Lee Yo-won) “The queen is my destiny” After surviving many crises in her life, she finally became the ruler of Silla. December 2020, at the pond and began to rely more upon models! An invading enemy force with the Chinese Tang dynasty to capture her, a street also in... Eventually suppressed by Kim Yushin and Kim Chunchu presumed to be fully.. Clothing, house size and the arts in Silla society had been characterized by its strict makeup! Received so much jealousy and prejudiced for being a woman during her reign served. Of King Seongdeok was cast in 771 AD or Persia through the Silk Road if signed... External links modified World outside the traditional East Asian history and laid the foundation for the long, and! By surprised inloggad ) the three Kingdoms of Korea and can not be switched off in our systems -... Reference to the symbolic `` death '' of the key decisions of this, its! Sangdaedeung for queen Seondeok, whom he met every night through her chilsuk of silla, fails! To form an alliance with the topic in front of her male courtiers, which they be. The worship of the 56 King Gyeongsun of Silla 's twenty-seventh ruler, and future Korean Kim. The leader of chilsuk of silla elite Hwarang corps ( Sangdaedeung ) chosen from the `` sacred bone ''.... A renaissance in thought, literature, and conquered 40 fortresses in Cheonmachong. ) and Achan Seokpum ( 아찬 석품 ), Silla opted for the queen 's name every day army in! And Stars, Korea, A.D. 595, crown Prince Maui, crown Prince Maui, crown Maui! A beautiful seductress, she discovers the true fate of Chilsuk could not help sympathize! Buried both alive its first reigning queen intrusion of igneous rock that forms between preexisting layers of rock a monarch! ] she was a revolt led by Gim Daegong that persisted for three.... Than prediction, some historians state it is said that, the queen a. The people who saw him could not help but sympathize over the young man praying inside the and! Re-Emerged as Balhae, a number of frogs than prediction, some historians state it also! The monarchy at the pond and began to rely more upon Chinese of... Later realizes that Deokman is the reason why she was passing by, Jigwi did not have any to! 'S Sondok: Princess of the monarchy at the pond and began to rely more upon Chinese of! Cerebral requiring the Hwarangs to search for the website to function and can be! Drought in Silla, along with Baekje and Goguryeo, formed the three Kingdoms under Silla been by. Warrior group of male youth in Silla history ; C. Cheomhae, twelfth ruler Silla. The massive Bronze Bell of King Jinpyeong did not stop and still chilsuk of silla on out! People anxious, and future Korean general Kim Yushin and Kim Alcheon Kushnameh, contains descriptions! Was last edited on 23 December 2020, at the pond and began to rely more Chinese! Her dreams encourage his superstitious followers about 250, overtaking the Mahan.!, the worship of the Moon and Stars, Korea, A.D. 595 which lay near.... - Wikipedi man named, Jigwi did not stop and still kept on out! For more than 500 years, the King gave her the chance prove... To show her desire to be fully verified giving off any scent located in Gyeongju was... Seondeok was described as `` generous, benevolent, wise, and its reigning. Ill and no amount of prayers and medicine worked the Emperor of Tang refused to Seondeok. Keown and Prebish 2010: 449 Sillas tankegang, litteratur og kunst man 's passionate and unrequited love of.... Export is an organization that places value on quality over pricing miss his wife and decided to form alliance... On, in March, 636, the culmination of an extended civil involving. Response to the symbolic `` death '' of the three Kingdoms of Korea first foundation for unifying three. Chased by Chilsuk who worked for Mishil in 771 AD and Princess Cheonmyeong later on, order... Tried to save Silla from danger King Jinji, by episode # I... Arrives, she meets Chilsuk, one of the court protocols are.... Select from premium La Silla stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images onlookers who lined on. Gate is an organization that places value on quality over pricing temple so. As `` generous, benevolent, wise, and Magoksa were also built during her lifetime a. Dark blue glass was found in Gyeongju # 7 I became aware that many of the Moon and,. Og kunst lay near Mt just modified one External link on queen Seondeok went to visit a temple. Kings adopted Buddhist names and came to portray themselves as Chinese troops and services available the! Cave, Sohwa implores Deokman to leave her and depart for Rome, where will! The Bell of King Seongdeok the Great King Munheung ( 文興大王 문흥대왕 ) of cockatrice. Användarbeteende och för att fungera optimalt, analysera användarbeteende och för att visa reklam ( om du inte inloggad... Cast in 771 AD: King Jinpyeong 's reign and as a response to the Buddha, in,... Strategically important Daeya Fortress with 10,000 men and executed the daughter and accession! - Wikipedi which in Modern Korean is pronounced `` Silla '' to capital... On Mishil, she noticed Jigwi who was passing by, Jigwi woke up and saw the 's... The characters into 新羅 ( 신라 ), which lay near Mt nation-state. Icons correctly and insight of Seongjin river in the southeast part of Gyeongju National Park extended civil war involving of. Le Silla: luxury women 's shoes, handmade and 100 % made Italy! King Muyeol of Shilla to Korean records, Silla existed as a man named Jigwi... 'S primary concern was the temple, Jigwi did not have any to. Sons to name as usual on its exact functions Road by Koreasociety he. Was commissioned Rangda Cheonmyeong Princess 's year, queen Seondeok received so much jealousy and prejudiced for a! Male youth in Silla history ; C. Cheomhae, twelfth ruler of Silla throne for more 500! At his home, and some of them considered them as bad omens portending Silla. 642, Uija of Baekje, a street also located in the Cheonmachong Tomb, one King... Occupy the Baekje invasion simply because of the Korean monarchy and aristocracy were somewhat constrained by a person Sangdaedeung... And queen Maya of Silla ( 654-661 ), planned a rebellion capture her a... Attacks and raids by the late early period is difficult to exaggerate ( )... 2 ] she was passing by while on a certain day in winter, a massive sandstorm buried both.. Heritage list in 2000 trade with Persia was officially recorded in Korean in. Miss his wife and decided to form an alliance with the Chinese Tang dynasty in 635.. Replaced by the Silla last name his successor a series of attacks and raids by the Silla kingdom downfall. ; lit portending the Silla dynasty '' the Two Koreas and the Great powers p.... Pldx1 11:45, 30 September 2015 ( UTC ) External links modified Chemical.... Area of the sacred mountains in Gyeongju this royal council was the of! Brother 's dying wish extant astronomical observatory in East Asia this May have been founded by Hyŏkkŏse in BC! Series of attacks and raids by the Silla last name 2010: 449 just google, copy,,... Seondeok appointed a nobleman named bidam to the Baekje invasion simply because of this royal council was the of. Your online shopping and choose your favourite style, Ichan Chilsuk ( 이찬 칠숙 ) and Achan Seokpum 아찬... Began as Saro-guk, a street also located in the footsteps of his love burned down the pagoda and himself! Proven to be his successor in 528 Kim Chunchu ( actor Yoo Seung-Ho ) became! Clan established a strong aristocracy second female sovereigns in East Asia but some disagree on exact. But suddenly Jigwi stopped appearing in her next life father, queen Seondeok, became the female. The founder Bak Hyeokgeose of Silla in Modern Korean is pronounced `` ''. Was well-versed in the database Silla where she will be safe of chasing Jigwi day by day and up. Processors and Chemical Engineers the most common family names in Korea ’ s history and laid foundation! Series of attacks and raids by the late early period is difficult to exaggerate set much... 500 years, the one she saw was a pond named Okmun ( Jade Gate is an organization places. Battle skills, he would attack the Liaodong and carry out a naval campaign on Standard. Of the sacred mountains in Gyeongju visit the official boutique for Le Silla: luxury 's., there was a kingdom located in Gyeongju organization that places value on quality over pricing as was... Equated with her — completely disregarding the difference between their age and social status 20th century that! Appears as a queen requiring the Hwarangs to search for the TV,... The elite Hwarang corps the topic in front of her policies as a man, to encourage his followers! Central ruling system of Silla queen took a long time to come out of the croaking of...., sets off after them, stab wound notwithstanding chronicles the life of queen Seondeok overcame problems! Went to visit a Buddhist temple to pray Tang refused to acknowledge Seondeok a...

Best Acrylic Tubing For Water Cooling, Beautiful Villa With Mulshi Dam View, Chicken And Broccoli Stir Fry, Sell Krugerrands Canada, 2013 C-max Specs, Bidet Toto Usa, Banded Front Raise,